Website Development 101: The Road Map

Being a web developer is known to be the entry point of most programmers. The basics are easy to learn, and continued growth is not that complicated. This notion is however limited to the front-end development. There is a second side of the coin to web development, and that is called the back-end development. In this article, we shall explore with you the roadmap to being a website developer.

Web development is the task of developing a website; a collection of related web pages available on the internet. As a whole, a proper website is developed in at least four programming languages, with several other alternatives that can used to develop the same website.

In this article we shall talk about some of the most common programming languages, technologies and tools that are used in website develop around the globe, we shall uncover a roadmap of understanding website development within a short learning curve.

Many novice programmers are confused about where to start web development, be it in college or self-teaching. Let us guide you through the web development roadmap.

here are a few terminologies used for that need to be at your finger-tips front-end, back-end and full-stack developers. Ideally, the path you land upon is the one you choose; it is worth noting that you can deal with any of the aforementioned path, without being limited to the other. It is also important to note that you need to be a little bit of each to accomplish your goals in the long term.

Front-End Developers

In web development you can become a front-end developer. In this case, you tend to mostly (or solely) deal with the presentation of website content to the intended recipient; the Graphical User Interface (GUI) so to speak.
For this, you need to learn:

HTMLHypertext Markup Language: The standard markup (formatting) language for documents designed to be displayed by web browsers.
CSSCascading Style Sheets: A stylesheet language used for describing the presentation of a document written in markup language, such as HTML.
JSJavaScript: A high level programming language used alongside HTML and CSS for production of interactive web pages and is an essential part of web applications.

Though not mandatory, after understating the aforementioned concepts, the next step is understanding frameworks. A framework can be simply understood as a library that allows for easier, more compliant web design standards. These frameworks are quite a number but here, we shall mention just but a few.

Front-End Development Frameworks

These front-end web development frameworks are numerous; and you end using several over the course of your programming learning curve. In the long run, the one you settle on is generally based on your opinion of ease in usability, the features the framework gives you and its popularity. Here are a few to get you started:

Angular JS: This is a tool that enables the extension of HTML syntax for web applications. It then simplifies the front-end web development processes by providing an accessible and expressive environment.

Bootstrap: This is a CSS framework, that is without a doubt the most popular established with a goal to provide responsive, mobile friendly websites. It mainly utilizes CSS and JS.

JQuery: This is a popular JavaScript library that empowers you as a front end developer by concentrating on the functionality of several different aspects.

Less: This is a preprocessor that extends the support for CSS by allowing developers use techniques that make CSS more maintainable and extendable.

Sass: Without a doubt one of the most mature and robust CSS extension language, enabling extension of existing CSS functionality.

Front-End Development Tools

To start off web development, there are a number of tools that you need to make your life so much easier. In this section, we are going to cover the most basic and popular. Of course, you need a computer and;

A Web Browser: such as Google Chrome, Firefox, Edge or your preferred browser. It is advisable to stick with Google Chrome as it is the most popular web browser especially on mobile, giving you a feel of how your audience will receive you content.

A Text Editor: such as Atom, Visual Studio Code or Notepad ++. For starters, stick with Notepad ++. It is easy to use and has syntax highlighting that is very helpful.

A Pen and Paper: Allow yourself to learn by writing. This ensures what you learn sticks.

In the next article, we shall tackle the back-end development requirements and tips to open you up to more possibilities.

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